the “jewel” of Rhodes
The ancient city-state of Lindos
experienced great naval and cultural prosperity. Home of the savant ruler
Cleovulus, it was admired for its wealth, beauty and strategic position. Lindos
has been home to great artists, such as Chares, designer and sculptor of the
Colossus of Rhodes, Lysippus, Pythokritos son of Timocharios, who along with
Athinodoros and Agisandros created the Nike of Samothrace and the Laocoon
Group, as well as to the historiographer Evagoras of Lindos, Timachidas, author
of the famous Chronicle of Lindos and the poet Cleobuline.
Upon reaching Lindos, one may admire the
panorama of the village from afar, but the view is equally captivating from the
sea, reserved to those visiting Lindos on a day cruise setting out from
Mandraki harbour of Rhodes.
The traditional village, with its
whitewashed houses, the mansions of the ship masters, its Byzantine churches
and cobblestone streets, lie at the foot of the Acropolis. Following the path
through the village or hiring a donkey from the square, one may ascend all the
way up the ancient Acropolis.
The Acropolis of Lindos rises imposingly on
a 116-meter cliff, surrounded by powerful walls, like a podium overlooking the
sea. At its top stand the ruins of the temple of Athena Lindia of the 4th
century B.C., the Propylaea, the great Hellenistic Stoa and the Byzantine
church of St. John. At the foothill of the Acropolis, a unique relief trireme
of the 2nd century BC, is engraved on the rock.
During the rule of the Knights of Saint
John, castle of the Acropolis of Lindos was strengthened, while the city’s
maritime prosperity continued until the 19th century.